Tags Posts tagged with "Advantages and Disadvantages"

Advantages and Disadvantages

119

Cloning and genetic engineering or manipulation may have been in the realms of science fiction in the past. Today, they are closer to reality and in some cases have already become reality. Animal cloning is already in experimental phases. Genetic engineering has happened in foods and also animals. Experimentation with genetic engineering in humans are at a very advance stage, although the common people don’t get to know about the progress since most facts are classified or inaccessible to the press.

Designer babies are an outcome of genetic engineering. Instead of the natural cycle of fetal development in the womb of a mother, babies would be grown in artificial environments and substantial genetic modification would go into the development process. Even if designer babies are grown naturally in the womb of the mother, genetic engineering can play a role at the conception stage or thereafter in myriad ways. In-vitro fertilization and test tube baby are concepts that have been proven to be safe. They have changed the world, mostly for the better. Can designer babies do the same?

Designer Babies: Explained!

Before we delve into the designer babies pros and cons, it is necessary to learn what it actually is or what it entails. Designer babies would have a specific genetic composition or makeup. It would not be left to chance. Whatever can be manipulated genetically will be done. It is the uniqueness, personalization or the ability to change different features of a newborn that has lead to the naming of designer babies as such.

Designer babies may or may not have specific genes, as desired and determined during conception, fetal development and up to birthing. It is possible to alter many traits in babies with the help of genetic engineering or manipulation. It is possible to change the gender, physical appearance, level of intelligence or cognitive skills, personality and health. Genetic engineering is championed with the primary cause of being able to eradicating diseases. Indeed, genetic engineering can help in curing cancer, incurable diseases caused by viruses and other microorganisms, terminal diseases that don’t get cured in most people and lifestyle diseases that are not necessarily fatal but lead to lifelong suffering. From diabetes to psychological conditions, genetic engineering can make the changes at the level of genes and chromosomes which will ensure that babies are healthy, strong and free of diseases.

Designer babies may be completely immune to all known diseases. Depending on the needs, one may choose to have designer babies at different stages of pregnancy or development of the embryo if there is a risk of certain genetic disorders or heredity diseases. Cells can be studied to proactively assess defects and accordingly some genetic engineering can remedy the problems. It is also possible to have designer babies born to three or more parents by using genes of all the parents.

List of Pros of Designer Babies

1. Designer babies can be perfectly healthy.
They may not need vaccines. They may not suffer from any childbirth related illnesses. They may not have any kind of deformity. They will not suffer from hereditary diseases. They will not be impacted by any frailty or illness in the mother during conception and any disease that either or both parents were suffering from while having the child. All medical conditions that have even the tiniest of genetic connection will be prevented.

2. Designer babies can be stronger and cleverer than ordinary babies.
Designer babies can be more intelligent, have better cognitive skills and will be able to fare better in almost all aspects of life. From studying to playing, personality to physical strength, skills in music or language and everything that ordinary human beings learn over a lifetime would become easier for designer babies to master.

3. Designer babies help further the cause of science.
It will help humans become better creators. Creating life form is the ultimate form of creation. Although science is yet to explain the origin of the universe but genetic engineering succeeded at making perfect genetic babies will get us closer to understand how life came into being.

4. Designer babies may have substantially longer lifespan.
They may live a more prosperous and healthier life and all such developments may lead to a better world.

5. Designer babies can maintain a healthy gender ratio, the balance of males and females.
Designer babies can have new, evolved and diverse genes. The practice will also lead to unprecedented scientific evolution.

List of Cons of Designer Babies

1. Designer babies will not be a success story all the time.
There could be termination of embryos. The gene pool in consideration may get damaged during genetic manipulation. In any case, genes don’t have singular purposes and we have not yet perfected our understanding of how genes function. If we had that level of acumen, then we could have solved cancer and other incurable diseases already.

2. Designer babies can cause a rift in the societal balance.
Although we don’t have a perfect society, the rich and privileged capable of having expensive designer babies will have stronger, more intelligent and powerful heirs. This will lead to an even more imperfect society.

3. Designer babies would be manufactured so there would be no individuality.
The babies don’t get to say or choose anything and there is no way of knowing how nature would respond to such level of manipulation.

419

Democracy is the youngest form of governance. It has been accepted by historians and experts in governance as the absolutely best option. It is not a perfect method to govern but there is none better. As with any form of governance, there are certain democracy pros and cons. Let us explore them and check out if the pros outweigh the cons or otherwise.

List of Pros of Democracy

1. Democracy is the only form of governance where the people are directly responsible for electing those in power who would be governing them.
Be it monarchy or an authoritarian government, military regimes or any kind of absolutism, there is no power in the hands of the people. They don’t get to choose their zonal, regional, state or national leaders. In a democracy, people can choose their president or prime minister, senators or members of parliament, mayors and councilors and even local representatives who would work at municipal corporations or regional civic departments. In more ways than one, democracy allows people to govern themselves. By electing the leaders, officers or governors of their choice, the people are actually self governing.

2. The people have the power to elect their leaders and they can change the leadership if they don’t find it suitable.
No single person has absolute power. No elected representative can cling onto office for his or her lifetime. There are terms for everyone from a local councilor to the president or prime minister. People judge how the elected representatives have fared and accordingly vote them into power again or vote them out. This allows for some degree of accountability. Elected leaders will have to work for the welfare and benefit of the people to win another term in office. In a way, people have the power to decide their own fate. A leader or politician doesn’t get to dictate as per his or her will.

3. In a democracy, the people are directly involved in electing the leaders, which is both a right and a duty.
The citizens remain invested in governance and also get involved. In representative democracy, people don’t just elect the leaders but also decide what standpoint the leaders must take on every major issue. Right from economic policies to deciding budgets, choosing what to spend a particular sum of money on to influencing policies pertaining to foreign affairs, immigration, laws and business, everything can be influenced. The elected leaders or politicians are thus subject to the will and power of the people to act in their best interest. The leaders are not given a free hand to do whatever they feel like.

4. Democracy ensures equality among the citizens.
Democracy ensures policies and reforms that would augur well for the citizens. Democracy allows individuals to flourish, everyone to live with dignity and having access to the same state funded resources, everyone is treated as the same in the eyes of the law and there is a greater chance of ensuring peace and harmony in society.

5. Democracy is a peaceful way to govern.
There are no wars, no successions, no duels or anything violent, either while staying in power or while gaining power. There is a system in place and everyone must adhere to that. The constitution is the guiding force that everyone must abide by, including the elected president or prime minister of the country.

6. Democracy also segregates the executive, legislative and judiciary in most countries.
Separation of powers ensures that no individual or even a single entity gets unlimited powers. What the executive does is under review by the legislative and judiciary, what the legislative or legislature does is subject to review by the judiciary and vice versa and there’s the executive to have overall control and the final word in matters of national importance.

List of Cons of Democracy

1. Democracy can lead to the election of people who are not fit to govern.
Some politicians can use oratory, bluffing and myriad other hunky-dory claims or promises to impress the people. There’s always a section of the electorate or voters who are gullible and they may end up making poor choices. In this day and age, information is rarely withheld but there can always be less awareness among people which can lead to electing the wrong politician.

2. Democracy is the rule of the majority.
If fifty one people among a hundred want to elect someone, then the wish of the other forty nine people is overruled. If fifty one people want a certain policy, then the policy wanted by the other forty nine is negated. Democracy is hence a majoritarian form of governance where the minority may be unfairly treated. Even if the minority doesn’t get deprived of rights and privileges that the majority gets, the wish of the minority does become insignificant.

Democracy can fuel the influence of mob. Since it is the will of the majority ruling over the entire country and other people, the majority can choose to influence policies that favor them and not others. Such possibilities make way for corruption, lobbying, election fraud and scams.

538

The very mention of the word deforestation is worth frowning upon. Such has been the demonization of deforestation. From the perspective of environmentalists and even if you were to consider the blatant extreme of deforestation, you would consider it as nothing but evil. However, there is another perspective. Deforestation does have certain advantages. Anything in its extreme form is not desirable. It is no different in the case of deforestation.

List of Pros of Deforestation

1. Makes More Space
Deforestation makes more space available for more productive purposes. Deforestation is at the crux of developing infrastructure, building cities, to boost industrial expansions and for economic growth. Deforestation is not just rampant cutting down of trees or wiping entire forests off the earth’s crust. It is also planned clearing of land and getting rid of forests that don’t always serve a larger purpose. With the global population expanding rapidly, there is a need for more land. It is expected that the world may be home to more than ten billion people by 2050. People will need homes, offices, industrial growth will have to be accounted for and there will be need for more materials as well as natural resources which can only be obtained through deforestation.

2. Supplies Materials
Deforestation, as a process, is one of the largest suppliers of natural materials. From hardwood to paper, availability of agricultural land to minerals, deforestation serves myriad needs of humans and the world. With more agricultural land, we can produce more food and feed more people. With more hardwood and minerals, we can support more industries and ensure prosperity for the growing populace.

3. Fuels Industrialization
It is quintessential for setting up of communities and hence furthering civilization. It is also at the crux of economic growth. As more deforestation projects are undertaken, there will be more jobs. The jobs will not only pertain to the deforestation projects but also the industries that would be processing or using the materials obtained through deforestation. Many other associated industries will also get a boost which will further increase employment.

4. Contributes to Food Supply
Deforestation allows humans to grow more food. That is not only necessary but it also implies the increasing need of grazing land. Deforestation allows livestock to graze freely. Domestic animals or animals that are part of the livestock grown for human consumption and other purposes cannot live in the wild. Deforestation provides them the safety and the natural habitat that is necessary.

5. Necessary for Access
Deforestation is necessary in developing and underdeveloped parts of the world. There are many tribes that live in forests or jungles and don’t have access to roads, rail or even telecommunication. They don’t have access to adequate food, healthcare and other provisions that we have taken for granted in our privileged cities and well provisioned towns or villages.

List of Cons of Deforestation

1. Increases Carbon Dioxide Levels
Deforestation has many adverse impacts, the first of which is the increase in carbon dioxide in the air. The atmosphere maintains and tries to maintain a balance. All of nature put together makes for the ideal living conditions for all plant and animal species. With increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, humans will find it increasingly difficult to breathe in fresh oxygen laden air. As more trees get felled, there will be fewer or no leaves or plants and hence less oxygen would be produced, which is a byproduct of photosynthesis. Deforestation is directly responsible for global warming and further deforestation will worsen the condition.

2. Eliminates Coverage
Deforestation leads to destroying the green cover in a place. Plants play a pivotal role in the climate of an area. With more trees gone and arid or semi arid lands, there will be less moisture in the air, the soil will get less water and the climate will be affected. Groundwater reserves may dry up and an ecological imbalance would ensue. One of the first adverse developments would be drought. There can be severe climate changes in an area and that can make the place less than suitable to live in or to do anything in.

3. Myopic
It focuses on short term results. Long term damages are ignored. Deforestation only gets you a finite amount of natural resources, including timber and minerals. It doesn’t provide an endless supply of anything. However, if deforestation continues, then there will be a shortfall of available forests and land. For those are finite. Not replenishing forest cover will be disastrous for the world. Not only would climate be adversely affected but livestock will not have enough food, they would consume more greenery and result in water crisis, eventually it would be the humans who wouldn’t have enough food or water. This may sound alarmist but it is a very real possibility.

4. Impacts the Wildlife Around
Deforestation has a temporary impact on economy but the long term impact on wildlife and environment is irrevocable. Various species of plants and animals go extinct in the process. There is an imminent danger of flooding. With the forests gone, the organic sources of various contemporary medicines and the possibility of inventing more medicines will be drastically curtailed.

600

There are millions and millions of Americans (and millions more around the world) that consider hunting to be a way of life, a traditional pastime, and an environmentally friendly way to control the population of a nuisance species – but there are just as many people out there that consider this to be a barbaric throwback to a time best forgotten and nothing short of animal murder.

One of you most polarizing and controversial topics in the United States and abroad, you’re going to find folks that are tremendously passionate on both sides of this topic with very few people that sit right there in the middle. To better understand the pros and cons of deer hunting we have put together this quick guide. The inside information below should help to shine a little bit of extra light on the subject for you.

The Pros of Deer Hunting

Hunting – deer hunting in particular – is one of the few remaining and effective ways to control wildlife populations in the United States.

Because human beings are an apex predator, and because we push out natural predators of deer from the habitat that deer reside in just by our very presence, the deer population has had the opportunity to explode all across the country.

That isn’t terrible news on its own for sure, but at the same time when you have deer devastating crops, destroying property, and getting slammed into by cars on busy roads every day of the week – sometimes not even killing them but crippling them and forcing them to suffer a terrible death – it’s easy to see why trained hunters that are capable of controlling the population through humane means are so beneficial.

On top of that deer hunting was and continues to be an American way of life for millions and millions of people throughout the nation. Men and women of all ages have grown up going deer hunting with their loved ones, and it’s a time-honored tradition that many love to pass on to future generations.

The Cons of Deer Hunting

At the same time, there are those that feel that hunting is no longer the traditions that it used to be – or a necessity of life – and instead nothing more than blood sport that involves the murder of furry little woodland creatures.

It’s easy to see and to this point of view, especially since human beings in general have a real desire to anthropomorphize animals (which has a lot to do with the fact that we have pets living amongst us in record numbers these days), and it’s not exactly completely untrue, either.

Overhunting also has the potential for extinction, even if there are strict rules and regulations that licensed hunters need to follow in regards to the amount of deer there able to take every year.

Combine that with irresponsible hunters out there that cause accidents and fatalities every year and you can certainly see where people are coming from on this side of the fence.

507

As a responsible pet owner there are going to be quite a few different things you may not be all that excited to tackle when it comes to your furry little family member, even though you know that they are important for keeping them happy, healthy, and well loved.

Declawing your cats definitely falls into that category.

There are some that simply cannot even imagine allowing cats – indoor cats in particular – to go even a single day longer than necessary without having their claws removed surgically while there are those that also believe that cats were genetically supposed to have claws and removing them is some form of animal cruelty.

Obviously, it’s important that you understand the pros and cons of this kind of procedure before you dive right in. Hopefully we’ll be able to shine a little bit of light on that subject for you going forward.

The Pros of Declawing Cats

Believe it or not, declawing your cat may (quite literally) save their lives.

1. Can be Used to Hurt Others
Cats cannot be trained not to use their claws destructively, and even though the can certainly set of distractions that allow them to claw things that aren’t of high value, you’ll never be able to stop them from clawing anything that may strike their fancy.

2. Risk of Harm to Oneself
And while that’s not necessarily bad news if you don’t particularly care about your old couch getting scratched up a little bit, cats also have a tendency to stuff their claws into people, other animals, and materials that cause their nails to get stuck or break off – and that’s when a medical intervention needs to happen.

3. Easy to Declaw when Young
Cutting off the claws while they are still babies gives you the opportunity to protect them from this damage (and potential euthanasia) completely.

The Cons of Declawing Cats

At the exact same time, there is a reason why a tremendous amount of veterinarians will not indoors declawing cats even though they will readily agree that sometimes it’s the right way to go.

1. You Are Amputating Your Cats Fingertips
When you declawing a cat you are essentially amputating the third phalanx of their hands at the knuckle – basically cutting off their fingertips. Just imagine what would happen if you lost your fingertips (nothing but your fingertips) and how emotional and inarticulate you would feel.

It’s the same way for your cats.

2. Risk of Long Term Limb Issues
Chronic pain, phantom limb issues, and in him proper declawing can all result in serious problems for your furry little feline family member later down the line as well. This may not be the kind of route you want to take.

456

If you work a 9 to 5 job, it can be difficult to stay at home all day to care for your children. This means that daycare can be an available option for both working mothers and fathers that have to be out of the home during the day. Even though daycare involves putting your child in the care of someone else, it can be a great option for some. Before you decide if daycare is right for you, it is a good idea to become more familiar with what the pros and cons of daycare really are. This is the only way that you can make the most informed decision possible. Here are the pros and cons of daycare.

List of Pros of Daycare

1. Allows You to Work
The main benefit of daycare is that it gives you a place where you can take your child while you are at work. This means that your child is being cared for even when you are away from home during the workday. The caretakers that are employed at a daycare center have to undergo background checks, which gives you peace of mind knowing that the workers caring for your children are qualified and have been vetted in some way. A daycare simply gives you a safe place where your child can spend their days while you are away.

2. Interaction With Other Children
Another great benefit of daycare is that your child will become familiar with other children right away. This means that before they even go to Kindergarten they will know how to interact with other children and will be used to being in a school like setting. This means that if you want your child to get used to being around other children at a young age, it can be really beneficial to put them in a daycare. Daycare is a lot like school, so it allows your child to be ready once they begin preschool and kindergarten in the future.

List of Cons of Daycare

1. Not in Your Care
The main downside to putting your child in daycare is that they are not in your care. This means that you do not always know exactly what is going on when they are not under your supervision. If you want complete control over what your child is exposed to, it is not always a good idea to put your child into daycare with other individuals.

832

It’s almost impossible to imagine what modern life will be like without the ability to dam up rivers and other waterways to not only redirect water but also to build significantly larger reservoirs for drinking water and electricity generation.

Dams are a major foundational part of modern infrastructure, and they always have that a big part of man’s ability to become civilized – even since ancient times. Dams allowed ancient armies to transform the terrain that they were going to fight on but it also allowed ancient city planners to shuttle water into their cities and towns from faraway sources.

At the same time, there are definitely those that aren’t all that excited about the way the dams have an impact on our overall environment. And judging by some of the new information that we have studied in the last 20 or 30 years it’s not difficult to see their viewpoint.

List of Pros of Dams

1. An important part of electricity.
For starters, dams are a key piece of our modern infrastructure and are critical for providing plenty of drinking water in the form of built-up reservoirs as well as helping to generate a significant amount of the world’s electricity.

2. Controlling waterways.
Fantastic for re-diverting waterways that would have otherwise eliminated the ability to build or developed land in a particular area (without destroying the waterway environment in the first place), dams can be very beneficial from a human being standpoint in particular.

List of Cons of Dams

At the same time, there are definitely some risks to implementing dams and building them in different locations and environments.

1. Sediment buildup.
Dams definitely have the potential to trap layers of sediment that wouldn’t have otherwise been deposited at the base of the dam, and these trapped layers of sediment can re-Catholic on the overall ecology of that particular waterway.

2. Unnatural.
Not only that, but by diverting waterways and changing them from their natural path there are a whole host of flora and fauna that are going to be displaced completely by these kinds of changes. Some of them will definitely have the opportunity to migrate (which mitigates the damage), but a considerable amount of these animals and plants may never have the opportunity to reestablish themselves after the waterway has been read averted or transformed.

3. Costly.
Finally, you have to worry about the costs of major engineering projects that all dams are as well as the potential for a dam break which can cause a catastrophe for all involved – especially those in the path of the potential spillway.

521

There are more banking options available today than ever before, and some of them are a lot less traditional than the options that you probably become accustomed to using.

Online banking used to mean an online portal to do all of the traditional banking you would have had to do at a branch in the past. Today nothing could be further from the truth. There are legitimate online only banks, online payment processors, and online funding solutions out there that all offer you a lot of unique banking opportunities that might not have existed otherwise.

At the same time, you usually can’t beat taking advantage of everything that a traditional credit union brings to the table – especially if you’re looking for a local bank to handle the bulk of your money management needs. We are going to break down the pros and cons of using a credit union in this quick guide below.

The Pros of Credit Unions

1. For starters, a credit union is owned by the members that have accounts in the credit union itself as opposed to fat cats sitting in some ivory tower hundreds of miles away from you as is the case with national and international banks.

2. This local ownership model provides you with an extra level of safety and security that you wouldn’t have received otherwise, but it also makes sure that you aren’t getting taken advantage of by bankers that have nothing more than their bottom line in mind.

3. Credit unions are also usually a lot more flexible when it comes to the kind of banking options in terms that they provide. Because you are a part owner of this institution just by having an account there they want to make sure that they are doing right by you.

The Cons of Credit Unions

1. At the same time, there are definitely some drawbacks for those that move forward with a credit union – even if there really aren’t all that many deal breakers!

2. For starters, many of the most popular credit unions across the United States are nowhere near as tech savvy or as forward thinking as some of the bigger and more competitive nationally and international banks. You may not get to take advantage of all the different features that acre banks bring to the table when working with a smaller credit union.

3. On top of that, bigger banks have bigger influence in the world of banking and money management. A smalltime credit union just doesn’t carry the same kind of influence as a multinational bank does when it comes to getting the best loan rates, having the most amount of capital for savvy investments that allow them to cut back on fees, etc.

719

You’ll find a whole host of bodybuilding supplements available on the market today that will promise you the most amazing results possible as far as transforming your body for the better isconcerned. The big majority of those supplements are little more than modern day snake oil peddled by less than ethical marketers hoping to cash in on the desperation of millions.

But not creatine.

A proven to be effective (wildly effective, at that) bodybuilding supplement, you’re going to be able to utilize creatine to dramatically overhaul your body, pack on pound after pound of lean muscle mass without any extra fat, and improve your overall athletic performance and endurance.

There are drawbacks to using creatine for sure (and we are going to cover them below), but you’ll want to be sure that you know as much as you can about this supplement before you dive right in.

The Pros of Creatine

1. Creatine is scientifically proven to provide your body with everything it needs to push through even the most grueling workouts imaginable faster and with less fatigue while building pound after pound of lean muscle mass along the way.

2. On top of that, you’ll find your strength and endurance boosted by at least 10% immediately after you begin supplementing with this product. This is especially true if you go through the recommended “loading phase” to flood your body and your muscles with plenty of creatine to get the job done right.

3. Lastly, creatine is amazingly safe with very minimal side effects or drawbacks and none of them that are going to threaten your health or wellness. This is a game changer through and through when it comes to bodybuilding supplements.

The Cons of Creatine

Of course, not all is sunshine and rainbows when it comes to creatine, after all.

1. We are talking about a man-made product here and that means there are significant differences in the quality of different kinds of creatine and different brands of creatine. Creatine monohydrate is where you want to spend your money. But prepared but be prepared to have to fork over a premium price tag to get your hands on that top notch stuff.

2. Creatine also causes quite a bit of extra water retention which means you’ll deal with a bit of extra weight gain and could feel significantly bloated.

3. Cells in your body are going to absorb as much water as possible (which may leave you feeling dehydrated) so you’ll have drink more water than your normally used to, and gassiness and diarrhea isn’t uncommon when you jump on board this supplement for the first time.

908

Thanks in large part to major breakthroughs in the world of modern medicine and cosmetic surgical procedures it’s now possible for you to completely transform most anything about your appearance with the help of a trained surgeon and their scalpel.

Cosmetic surgery procedures today are some of the safest and most advanced medical procedures performed these days, giving you a tremendous amount of confidence moving forward with a procedure that will transform your appearance from here on out.

At the same time, there are definitely some drawbacks and downsides to moving forward with cosmetic surgery that you’ll most certainly need to be aware of. Not all cosmetic surgical procedures are created equal, not all are going to provide the results that you are looking for, and not all of them are quite as safe as they probably should be.

The Pros of Cosmetic Surgery

1. When you decide to move forward with a reliable and reputable cosmetic surgeon to help you completely transform your appearance literally overnight you were going to have the opportunity to improve your confidence, fall in love with the way you look and feel, and give yourself exactly that kind of aesthetic you’ve always dreamed of.

2. This is game changing stuff for obvious reasons and the largest reason behind why people make the decision to move forward with one of these procedures.

3. Secondly, cosmetic procedures can help restore “normal life” to those that have been dealing with physical impairments or other medical conditions that haven’t allowed them to lead as happy or as healthy a life as they would have liked to.

4. Burn victims in particular are able to get back to the kind of life they enjoyed previously to their accident with these kinds of procedures, and that’s just one example.

The Cons of Cosmetic Surgery

1. At the same time, there are definitely some downsides and drawbacks to moving forward with any cosmetic procedure – as many of the now aging Hollywood superstars that have had work done can show you firsthand.

2. Plastic surgery may look absolutely fantastic when it is first performed (so long as the work is effective yet subtle), but there’s always the chance that you become (quite literally) addicted to changing the way you look with the surgeon’s scalpel – and that’s big trouble!

3. The overall cost of most cosmetic procedures is absolutely skyhigh as well, and very few cosmetic surgical procedures are ever going to be covered under your insurance.

4. Combine that with the fact that there are certain higher health risk factors that you need to be aware of with particular procedures that may not be as safe as you’d like them to be and there are plenty of things to consider before you go under the knife.