Asexual reproduction is a form of reproducing that does not involve having sexual intercourse, or even two different organisms. The offspring is produced by a single parent, and is often referred to as a “clone”. While the two will not be identical, they will look extremely similar. The reason they are not exact copies is due to genetic mutations that occur. Many different types of plants, insects, and fungi reproduce asexually.
The Advantages Of Asexual Reproduction
- Different Extensive Forms – An organism that reproduces asexually has the ability to take many different forms. These forms allow asexual reproduction to succeed in various environments.
- Doesn’t Need Mobility – Asexual reproduction is only performed in organisms that often stay in one place. This process doesn’t need to move to another place just produce another offspring. Most plants and animals that are rarely moved to a different place have a great ability to create their offspring.
- Rapid Increase of Offspring – This is very helpful in producing lots of offspring. It lets plants and animals make lots of offspring effectively. The more offspring that they create will help them in increasing their genes.
The Disadvantages Of Asexual Reproduction
- Adaption – Most organisms which only perform this process have a lesser chance to adapt to the changes of the environment. Whilst it is good to live in a constant environment, there are some risky situations that will be encountered by both plants and animals like disease and predators which is a great threat to their lives.
- Inheritance – It often requires a single parent wherein the chromosomes and genes of the parent will be copied. In the lists of genetic defects or mutation which could probably be bred out in the sexual reproduction are often present in offspring with no exception.
- Population Control – Performing the process of asexual reproduction can really control the rapid increase of population. Without competition in breeding process, every organism might comprehensively proficient in reproducing their own. The population will be doubled in each and every reproduction cycle. However, when their population increases excessively, asexual reproduction will stop.